Diabetes is a disease that affects how your body uses blood sugar (glucose). Glucose is an important source of energy for the cells that our muscles and tissues consist of. It is also the main fuel source of our brain.
Diabetes symptoms vary depending on how high your blood sugar is. Some people, especially those with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes, may not experience any symptoms. In type 1 diabetes, symptoms tend to appear faster and be more severe.
Symptoms such as thirst, frequent urination, frequent hunger, fatigue and frequent infections can be observed.
The blood sugar level of an individual without diabetes does not exceed 120 mg / dl in fasting state and 140 mg / dl in the state of satiety (two hours after starting to eat). If the blood sugar level measured in fasting or satiety is above these values, it indicates diabetes.
It is concluded for one to have diabetes either by Fasting Blood Sugar (FBG) measurement or Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT).
People with type 2 diabetes should eat every 2-3 hours. By spreading the foods that need to be eaten in a day and eaten small portions frequently, it is possible to control blood sugar after meals.
Foods such as sugar, jam, honey, marmalade, molasses, ready-made fruit juices, cakes, sweets, sugary biscuits, and chocolate, should be avoided as they rapidly increase blood sugar. If you suspect symptoms of diabetes, or if you are a diagnosed patient, consult to a doctor. “